Povijesti Podcasti

Mladi Indiana Jones - Historija

Mladi Indiana Jones - Historija


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Recenziju napisao Dan Perry

Priče o avanturama mladog Indiana Jonesa
uzbuđenje, istorija, obrazovanje i humor. Oni koje zanima
otkrivajući kako Indiana Jones postaje arheološki oružje
avanturistima u filmovima bilo bi dobro da isprobaju seriju. Više
što je važno, serija se fokusira na obrazovanje mladih Indiana i
u tom procesu nas uči nekoliko stvari o istoriji.

Serija se vrti oko Indiane kao mladića i prati njegovu
putovanja i avanture sa ostatkom svoje porodice. Svaka avantura
počinje mapom tako da gledalac zna geografiju gdje se Indy nalazi
ide i u tom procesu daje nam prilično indirektnu lekciju geografije.
Takođe, serija ima humorističan način objašnjavanja činjenica koje moraju imati veze
sa istorijom gdje god se porodica Jones nalazila. Na primjer, u
prva epizoda Indiana objašnjava jezive detalje mumifikacije
za trpezom dok se svi izgovaraju, jedan po jedan,
zbog iznenadnog uznemirenog želuca. Međutim, postoje
još uvijek duhovi i mumije pa treba biti u stanju odvojiti činjenice od
priča.

Sa svakom epizodom dolazi zabava i obrazovanje. Oni koji su
su zainteresovani da nauče neke opšte stvari o istoriji i one
koji su ljubitelji starih filmova bilo bi dobro da pogledaju ovu seriju.
Ako vas ništa od toga ne zanima, možda je bolje da krenete dalje.

Dan bitke započinje prikazom Trident konferencije na kojoj Akins oživljava ličnosti i Roosevelta i Churchilla, kao i nekih manjih učesnika. Ubrzo smo na plaži Sicilije s vojnicima dok oluja izlazi na obalu. Knjiga pokriva i kratku bitku za osvajanje Sicilije, kao i dužu i težu bitku za osvajanje Italije. Ovu knjigu preporučujem svima koji žele saznati više o Drugom svjetskom ratu i američkoj vojsci.

Pošaljite komentare na [email protected]



Prije 30 godina: Mladi Indiana Jones Pokreće proizvodnju

Lucasfilm je snimao filmove skoro dvije decenije prije nego što je počeo raditi na televizijskim serijama uživo. Prva emisija koja je napravljena bila je Maniac Mansion (1990), koprodukcija s Atlantis Films-om u Kanadi. Ali prvi je napravio isključivo Lucasfilm The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, koji je prvi put emitiran 1992.

Dio historijske romanse, dio mladenačke avanture, Young Indy djelomično je inspirirano strašću Georgea Lucasa prema povijesti i obrazovanju. Nakon završetka Indiana Jones i posljednji križarski rat (1989.), odlučio je da arheologa na velikom ekranu vrati u djetinjstvo i pošalje ga na televizijske avanture. Od svoje devete godine do svoje mladosti, Indy se ukrštao sa poznatim istorijskim ličnostima i učestvovao u značajnim događajima koji će oblikovati svjetsku historiju. Cilj je bio pobuditi kod mladih ljudi znatiželju o prošlosti.

Nakon više od godinu dana intenzivnog istraživanja i razvoja scenarija, kamere su se prvo uključile Young Indy Prije 30 godina, na današnji dan, 13. maja 1991. I na ekranu i van njega, bio je to početak velike avanture. Pre nego što je serija zaključena, Young Indy snimali bi u nekih dvadesetak zemalja širom Evrope, Azije, Afrike, Pacifika i Sjeverne Amerike, pozivajući domaću ekipu i posadu sa svake destinacije, što ga čini zaista međunarodnim poduhvatom.

Ironično, serija koja bi posjetila više zemalja nego možda bilo koja do sada započela je produkciju u zdravoj fazi. Ekipa je tog jutra u 8:30 stigla na J Stage u studiju Shepperton jugoistočno od Londona, a glumačka ekipa pola sata kasnije. Prikladno, dnevne postavke bile su od prve epizode koja je emitirana.

Pridruživši se roditeljima i tutoru, devetogodišnji Indy (Corey Carrier) kreće na svjetsku turneju dok njegov otac drži predavanja i provodi istraživanja. Ova prva scena prikazuje putnike na večeri na njihovom putovanju iz Engleske u Aleksandriju, Egipat, gdje će se Indy sastati s T.E. Lawrence (budući "Lawrence of Arabia") i Howard Carter (budući otkrivač groba kralja Tutankamona).

Na snimanju je korišten poseban "plesni podij" za simulaciju intenzivnog ljuljanja broda i rezultirajuće morske bolesti među restoranima. Za većinu je to previše za podnijeti nakon što Indy počne dijeliti jezive detalje o egipatskim mumijama. Jedini koji je ostao na finalu scene je postojan i samouveren Henry Jones, stariji (Lloyd Owen). Bila je to prigodna scena za početak: prskanje znanja pomiješano sa humorom u jeziku, ključnim sastojcima jedinstvene produkcije.

Tri decenije kasnije, Lucasfilm podiže svoju čašu do The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles i njegova posvećena glumačka ekipa i ekipa, koja je tokom cijele godine prešla cijeli svijet i imala gotovo isto toliko avantura kao i sam Indy.


Rođen je avanturista

Većina našeg znanja o Indynom djetinjstvu dolazi iz TV serije 1992 Avanture mladog Indiana Jonesa. Iako ga poznajemo pod imenom Indiana Jones, naš lukavi junak zapravo je rođen Henry Walton Jones Jr. 1. jula 1899. Kao što je njegov otac Henry Walton Jones Sr. slavno objasnio u Poslednji krstaški rat, Henry je uzeo nadimak od svog psa, aljaškog malamuta zvanog "Indiana".

Prema Avanture mladog Indiana Jonesa, Indy je bio vješto dijete koje je bilo vješto u raznim fizičkim aktivnostima poput penjanja i jahanja. Njegovo interesovanje za bičeve pojačalo se prilikom posjete putujućem cirkusu, gdje je bio fasciniran bičevskim činom. Kasnije, kako vidimo u Poslednji krstaški rat, ovaj talent se iscrpljuje nuždom kada se nađe zarobljen u vozu punom cirkuskih životinja bez ičega osim biča za zaštitu.

Kada je Indiana imao devet godina, njegov otac, vrlo uspješan profesor istorije srednjeg vijeka, krenuo je na dvogodišnje predavanje po cijelom svijetu i odlučio da ga prati njegov sin. Ovo je trebao biti početak Indyjeva avanturističkog načina života.


On je užasan profesor

Od univerzitetskog profesora se očekuje da učini dvije stvari: podučava studente i piše naučne članke. Koliko bilo ko može zaključiti, Indiana Jones to zapravo i ne čini. Dok publika vidi Indyja u učionici jednom ili dva puta, čini se da je voljan napustiti svoje studente kad im dođe dobra avantura. Zaboravite radno vrijeme - ako ste jedan od studenata profesora Jonesa, bit ćete sretni ako se uopće pojavi na nastavi (prema Raiders of the Lost Ark's novelacijom, on se također povezuje sa svojim učenicima - ili barem sa njihovim kolegama iz razreda - koji, iako nije nezakonit, prelazi sve vrste etičkih granica).

Indy također nije neki učenjak, barem prema stručnjacima za stvarni život. Dok pravi arheolozi provode oko 70 posto svog vremena u biblioteci, Jones odlazi na teren opremljen s malo više od glasina i glasina. On nikad ne bilježi i čini se da ne piše mnogo članaka u časopisima - "Kakav je njegov zapis o objavljivanju?" pita jedan akademik. Kad Indy ipak otkrije, poput potpuno funkcionalne pećine ispunjene zamkom na početku Raiders of the Lost Ark, ignorira ih u korist sjajnih, ali manje povijesno važnih kuglica. Nije ni čudo što je, prema satiričnoj publikaciji McSweeney's, Indiani Jonesu uskraćen mandat. Možda je heroj, ali kao akademik jednostavno nije dorastao.


Sadržaj

Scenarista Lawrence Kasdan nazvao je lika po baki svoje žene, a prezime lika preuzeo je iz Ravenwood Lanea u Kaliforniji. [1] Spielberg je ulogu prvobitno namijenio svojoj djevojci Amy Irving. [2] Sean Young i Stephanie Zimbalist su se prijavili za audiciju, [1] [3] Barbara Hershey je smatrana [4], dok je Debra Winger to odbila. [5] Steven Spielberg glumi Karen Allen, na osnovu snage njenog nastupa u Nacionalna kuća za životinje Lampoon. Alenov ekran testiran naspram Tima Mathesona i Johna Shea, prije nego što je Harrison Ford proglašen za Indianu. [1]

Kasdanov prikaz Marion bio je složeniji i iskreno ju je zanimao René Belloq u ranijim nacrtima scenarija. [4] Ona i Paul Freeman dodali su još komedije u scenu zavođenja šatora. [1] Allen je smislila svoju priču o liku, poput onoga što se dogodilo njenoj majci, njenu romansu s Indianom u dobi od 15 ili 16 godina, te vrijeme u Nepalu Spielberg opisala je kao "potpuno drugačiji film". [4]

Poslije Raiders of the Lost Ark Spielberg je želio da se Allen vrati po njega Indiana Jones i hram propasti, ali George Lucas je odlučio da će Indy imati različit ljubavni interes za svaki film. [1] Marion je postala čest sporedni lik u Daljnje avanture Indiane Jonesa, naslov Marvelovog stripa koji je izlazio u 34 broja od januara 1983. do marta 1986. Tokom 1990 -ih, Lucas je zabranio autoru Robu MacGregoru da je uključi u svoje romane za seriju Indiana Jones Bantam Booksa. "Kako je Indy upoznala Marion? Šta se dogodilo u njihovim ranijim susretima? George je to očigledno želio zadržati za budućnost. Možda ćemo to saznati u Indy 4", nagađao je MacGregor. [6] Frank Darabont je tvrdio da je to bila njegova ideja da vrati Marion radi Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje, za vrijeme dok je bio pisac od 2002. do 2004. [7]

Uređivanje filmova

Raiders of the Lost Ark Uredi

Marionin otac, dr. Abner Ravenwood, bio je profesor arheologije opsjednut pronalaskom biblijske arke saveza, a bio je i mentor mladom Henryju "Indiani" Jonesu, koji ih je na kraju pratio na nekoliko iskopavanja.

Marion je za to vrijeme (kada je imala 15 godina, prema novelizaciji) ušla u vezu s Indianom Jones Raiders of the Lost Ark). [8] Jones je iznenada napustio Ravenwoods 1926. godine. Marion je imala oko 16 ili 17 godina kada je veza prestala, a Jones je bio 27, deset godina stariji od nje. Kasnije u svom životu, Marion je kažnjavala Jonesa, izjavljujući: "Bila sam dijete! Bila sam zaljubljena! To je bilo pogrešno i ti si to znala!" Jones je pokazao malo grižnje savjesti i jednostavno je odgovorio: "Znao si što radiš."

Nakon što je Jones prekinuo kontakt s obojicom, vratio se u Sjedinjene Države kako bi se fokusirao na svoju karijeru profesora arheologije, a Marion i njen otac nastanili su se u Nepalu. Kasnije je počela voditi lokalnu kafanu - "Gavran" - nakon što je njen upravitelj (njen otac) umro i to joj prepustio. Iskorištavajući svoju visoku toleranciju prema alkoholu, često bi pila polaznike bara ispod stola na opkladu. Odbila je povratak u Sjedinjene Države sve dok nije imala dovoljno novca da se vrati "sa stilom".

Godine 1936. Marion se ponovno našla u kontaktu s Jonesom, kada joj je ponudio novac za ogrlicu štaba Ra, artefakt koji je izvorno locirao njen otac. U početku nevoljka, bila je prisiljena na saradnju kada je agent Gestapoa u naočarima Arnold Toht stigao da sam zahteva komad. Tokom naredne tuče, kafana se zapalila. Marion je rekla Jonesu da mu je partner sve dok joj nije platio punu cijenu koju je obećao. Tada su je nacisti zarobili. Indy je vjerovao da je mrtva sve dok nije naletio na nju svezanu i zapušio usta u jednom od nacističkih šatora. Obrazlažući da bi bijeg privukao previše neželjene pažnje, Indy ju je ostavila svezanu, ali je obećala da će se vratiti. Međutim, uočena izdaja nije utjecala na Marionino odbijanje da sarađuje sa svojim otmičarima. Belloq -ovo napredovanje rezultiralo je samo prekidom pokušaja bijega, a Tohtovo ispitivanje naišlo je na neobičan otpor. Nakon što ju je zarobio i pobjegao od Jonesovog rivala, Renea Belloqa, pomogla je Jonesu da naciste oporavi Kovčeg saveza. U tom procesu, par je obnovio svoju vezu.

Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje Uredi

Jones se nastavio baviti arheološkim artefaktima, dok se Marion okušala u novinarstvu prije nego što je u New Yorku otvorila bar nazvan Gavranovo gnijezdo. Neko vrijeme je radila i kao službenik za odnose s javnošću u muzeju na Marshall Collegeu. Međutim, tjedan dana prije planiranog vjenčanja Indy ju je ostavila bez objašnjenja i nije znala da je trudna s njihovim budućim sinom Henryjem "Muttom" Jonesom III. Marion je započela vezu s pilotom RAF -a Colinom Williamsom (kojeg joj je Jones prvobitno predstavio) tri mjeseca nakon što se Mutt rodio, a na kraju su se vjenčali i živjeli sretno sve dok Colin nije ubijen tokom Drugog svjetskog rata. Jonesov ekscentrični stari prijatelj, Harold Oxley, tada je pomogao u odgoju Mutta, djelujući kao drugi (tehnički treći) otac.

Dvadeset godina nakon Muttovog rođenja, Rusi su zarobili Oxleyja u pokušaju da pronađu mitske kristalne lobanje za kojima je tragao. Nakon što je uhvaćena u pokušaju da pronađe Oxleyja, Marion je poslala Mutta da pronađe Jonesa. Nakon očajničkog pokušaja bijega, otkrila je Jonesu, koji je i dalje imao pojma, da je Mutt zapravo njegov sin. Tokom avanture, ona i Jones ponovo su shvatili svoju ljubav. Kući su se vjenčali, spremni da zajedno nastave avanture. [9]


Pa, od ovog pisanja, Paramount+ se i dalje naziva “CBS All Access”, a to je zato što su CBS i Paramount bile zasebne kompanije sve dok ponovnim spajanjem nije došlo do ne više odvojene kompanije. Tako su od januara 2021. filmovi o Indiani Jones prešli na CBS All Access, koji će uskoro biti Paramount+ u martu.

Dakle, da, osim ako ne želite rent Filmovi Indiane Jonesa na Amazon Prime -u ili iTunes -u ili šta već, avanture Indyja, Marcusa Brodyja, Marion Ravenwood i Indyinog oca (Sean Connery) nalaze se upravo ovdje, na CBS -u All Access/Paramount+

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • Hram propasti (1984)
  • Poslednji krstaški rat (1989)
  • Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje (2008)

Recepcija [uredi | uredi izvor]

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles dobio je mješoviti prijem od obožavatelja, iako je osvojio 10 nagrada Emmy iz 23 nominacije, a osvojio je i nominaciju za Zlatni globus 1994. za najbolju dramsku seriju. ΐ ] 1993. Corey Carrier je nominirana za nagradu za mladog umjetnika u kategoriji "Najbolji mladi glumac u glavnoj ulozi u televizijskoj seriji". ⏁ ] 1994. David Tattersall nominiran je za ASC nagradu u kategoriji "Izvanredna dostignuća u kinematografiji u redovnim serijama". ⏂ ] Iako je serija osvojila mnoge nagrade, zaslužila je i dio kritika. The New York Times nazvao pilota "nespretnim", ⏃ ] je smatrao da su obrazovni elementi emisije previše očiti i iznuđeni, te je smatrao da se predstava previše oslanja na prethodno znanje publike. ⏄ ] Nacionalna koalicija za televizijsko nasilje proglasila je seriju najnasilnijom televizijskom serijom 1993. godine, ⏅ ] ⏆ ] sa prosječno 60 djela nasilja po epizodi. ⏇ ] ⏈ ] Serija je kritizirana zbog namjerno nedosljednog tona i stila te činjenice da dva glumca igraju Young Indy. ⏉ ] ⏊ ]

Tokom intervjua sa Entertainment Weekly, koji je vođen dok je bio na setu filma "Mladi Indiana Jones i misterija bluza", Harrison Ford je primijetio "Ova emisija što se mene tiče najbolja je stvar na televiziji i nema veze s mojom vezom do Indiana Jonesa ". ⏋ ] Likovi iz Mystery Science Theatre 3000 spominju emisiju u nekoliko epizoda s početka 1990 -ih. Kako su primijetili povjesničar filma Laurent Bouzereau i Jody Duncan, serija je imala ogroman utjecaj na nastanak Ratovi zvijezda: Epizoda I Fantomska prijetnja, prva rata Ratovi zvijezda trilogija prequel, koja služi kao predložak za njenu izradu, prema riječima producenta Ricka McCalluma, Young Indy bio je testni krevet za učenje novog načina snimanja filmova, navodeći da su ih, kad su snimili sedamnaest epizoda, tretirali kao jedan film. ⏌ ] Za Georgea Lucasa, pravljenje emisije bilo je jedno od najsretnijih vremena u njegovoj karijeri i pomoglo mu je njegovati interes za nastavak krajnje neostvarene akcije uživo Ratovi zvijezda show. ⏍ ]

U filmu iz 2000 Wonder Boys, isječak iz Mladi Indiana Jones epizoda "Irska, april 1916" može se pogledati na TV -u dok lik mijenja kanale. Epizoda iz 2006. godine iz serije Cartoon Network stop-motion Robot Chicken prikazuje mladog Indiana Jonesa u parodiji na Raiders of the Lost Ark. Porodicni covjek producent Seth MacFarlane objavio je album sa Joelom McNeelyjem koji je uključivao proširenu verziju Young Indy pjesma "I ona je divna", ⏎ ] originalno komponovana za "Young Indiana Jones and the Scandal of 1920". ⏏ ] Jonathan Kasdan, sin Raiders of the Lost Ark pisac Lawrence Kasdan i koji je peti radio na razvoju scenarija Indiana Jones nastavak, svidjela mu se emisija i izjavio je da lično doživljaje avanture kao kanonik. ⏐ ]


Sadržaj

Tokom 1973. pisao je George Lucas Avanture Indiane Smitha. [1] Sviđa mi se Ratovi zvijezda, bila je to prilika za stvaranje moderne verzije filmskih serija iz 1930 -ih i 1940 -ih. [2] Lucas je o konceptu razgovarao s Philipom Kaufmanom, koji je s njim radio nekoliko sedmica i odlučio se za Kovčeg zavjeta kao MacGuffin. Projekt je zaustavljen kada je Clint Eastwood unajmio Kaufmana za pisanje Odmetnik Josey Wales. [3] U maju 1977., Lucas je bio u Mauiju, pokušavajući pobjeći od ogromnog uspjeha Ratovi zvijezda. Njegov prijatelj i kolega Steven Spielberg takođe je bio tamo, na odmoru od posla Bliski susreti treće vrste. Spielberg je rekao Lucasu da je zainteresiran za snimanje filma o Jamesu Bondu, ali mu je Lucas rekao o ideji "boljoj od Jamesa Bonda", ocrtavajući zaplet Raiders of the Lost Ark. Spielbergu se to svidjelo, nazvavši ga "filmom o James Bondu bez hardvera", [4] i promijenio je prezime lika u Jones. [2] Spielberg i Lucas sklopili su ugovor s Paramount Picturesom za pet filmova o Indiani Jonesu. [4]

Spielberg i Lucas su namjeravali napraviti Indiana Jones i hram propasti mnogo mračnije, zbog njihovog ličnog raspoloženja nakon njihovih prekida i razvoda. Lucas je napravio film prequel jer nije želio da nacisti ponovo budu zlikovci. Imao je ideje u vezi Kralja majmuna i ukletog dvorca, ali je na kraju stvorio Sankara Stonese. [5] Angažirao je Willarda Huycka i Gloriju Katz da napišu scenarij jer je znao za njihovo zanimanje za indijsku kulturu. [6] Glavne scene iz kojih su izbačene Raiders of the Lost Ark bili su uključeni u ovaj film: bijeg pomoću ogromnog kotrljajućeg gonga kao štit, pad iz aviona u splavu i potjera za minskim kolicima. [2] Za treći film, Spielberg je ponovno posjetio Kralja majmuna i proganjao koncepte dvorca, prije nego što je Lucas predložio Sveti gral. Spielberg je to ranije odbacio kao previše eteričan, ali je onda smislio priču o ocu i sinu i odlučio da "Gral koji svi traže može biti metafora za sina koji traži pomirenje s ocem i oca koji traži pomirenje sa sinom." [7]

Nakon objavljivanja 1989 Indiana Jones i posljednji križarski rat, Lucas je dopustio da serija završi jer mu se činilo da mu ne pada na pamet dobar uređaj koji bi pokrenuo sljedeću ratu, te je umjesto toga odlučio producirati The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, koji je istraživao lik u njegovim ranim godinama. Ford je u jednoj epizodi igrao Indianu, pripovijedajući o svojim avanturama u Chicagu 1920. godine. Kada je Lucas u prosincu 1992. snimio Fordovu ulogu, shvatio je da ta scena otvara mogućnost filma sa starijom Indianom smještenog u 1950 -e. Film bi mogao odražavati naučnofantastični B-film iz 1950-ih, s vanzemaljcima kao uređajem za radnju. [8] Fordu se nije svidio novi ugao, govoreći Lucasu: "Nema šanse da budem u takvom filmu Stevena Spielberga." [9] Sam Spielberg, koji je prikazivao vanzemaljce u Bliski susreti treće vrste i E.T. vanzemaljskog, opirao se. Lucas je smislio priču koju je Jeb Stuart pretvorio u scenario od oktobra 1993. do maja 1994. [8] Lucas je želio da se Indiana vjenča, što bi omogućilo Henryju Jonesu starijem da se vrati, izražavajući zabrinutost da li je njegov sin zadovoljan onim što je učinio. je postigao. Nakon što je saznao da je Josif Staljin zainteresiran za psihičko ratovanje, Lucas je odlučio da Rusi budu zlikovci, a vanzemaljci da imaju psihičke moći. [10] Nakon Stuartovog sljedećeg nacrta, Lucas je zaposlio Poslednji krstaški rat pisac Jeffrey Boam da napiše sljedeće tri verzije, od kojih je posljednja završena u ožujku 1996. Tri mjeseca kasnije, Dan nezavisnosti je pušten, a Spielberg je rekao Lucasu da neće snimati novi film o invaziji vanzemaljaca (ili barem ne do Rat svjetova 2005. godine). Lucas se odlučio usredotočiti na Ratovi zvijezda prequels umjesto. [8]

Spielbergov sin je 2000. godine pitao kada će sljedeći Indiana Jones film će biti objavljen, što ga je zainteresiralo za oživljavanje projekta. [11] Iste godine, Ford, Lucas, Spielberg, Frank Marshall i Kathleen Kennedy sastali su se tokom odavanja počasti Fordu od strane Američkog filmskog instituta i odlučili da žele ponovo uživati ​​u snimanju filma o Indiani Jonesu. Spielberg je također pronašao povratak u seriju predah od mnogih mračnih filmova u ovom razdoblju. [12] Spielberg i Lucas raspravljali su o središnjoj ideji B-filma koji uključuje vanzemaljce, a Lucas je predložio korištenje kristalnih lubanja za utemeljenje ideje. Lucasu su ovi artefakti bili fascinantni poput Kovčega [13] i namjeravao ih je predstaviti za Mladi Indiana Jones epizoda prije otkazivanja emisije. [8] M. Night Shyamalan bio je angažiran za pisanje planiranog snimanja 2002. [11], ali bio je preplavljen zadatkom i tvrdio je da je bilo teško Ford, Spielberg i Lucas fokusirati. [14] Stephen Gaghan i Tom Stoppard su također prišli. [11]

Frank Darabont, koji je pisao razne Mladi Indiana Jones epizode, angažiran je za pisanje u svibnju 2002. [15] Njegov scenarij, naslovljen Indiana Jones i grad bogova, [8] smješten je u 1950-e, dok su bivši nacisti progonili Jonesa. [16] Spielberg je zamislio ideju zbog osoba iz stvarnog života poput Juana Perona u Argentini, koji je navodno štitio nacističke ratne zločince. [8] Darabont je tvrdio da je Spielberg volio scenarij, ali je Lucas imao problema s tim, pa je odlučio sam preuzeti pisanje. [8] Lucas i Spielberg priznali su da postavljanje 1950 -ih nije moglo zanemariti Hladni rat, a Rusi su bili vjerovatniji zlikovci. Spielberg je odlučio da nakon režije ne može satirati naciste Schindlerova lista, [17] dok je Ford osjećao "Mi smo šljiva [b] istrošili naciste." [9] Darabontov glavni doprinos bio je ponovno predstavljanje Marion Ravenwood kao ljubavnog interesa Indiane, ali on im je dao 13-godišnju kćer, za koju je Spielberg odlučio da je previše slična Izgubljeni svijet: Jurski park. [8]

Jeff Nathanson sastao se sa Spielbergom i Lucasom u augustu 2004. godine, a sljedeće nacrte je predao u oktobru i novembru 2005, pod naslovom Atomski mravi. David Koepp je nastavio dalje, dajući svom scenariju titlove Razarač svetova, [8] na osnovu citata Roberta Oppenheimera. Promijenjeno je u Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje, jer je Spielberg ovo smatrao privlačnijim naslovom koji je zapravo nazvao uređaj za crtanje. [18] Koepp je želio prikazati lik Mutta kao štrebera, ali je Lucas to odbio, objasnivši da mora ličiti na Marlona Branda u Divlji "on mora biti ono što je otac Indiane Jones mislio o njemu - prokletstvo se vraća u obliku vlastitog sina - on je sve što otac ne može podnijeti". [8] Koepp je sarađivao s Lawrenceom Kasdanom na "ljubavnom dijalogu" filma. [19]

Kompanija Walt Disney je vlasnik Indiana Jones intelektualnog vlasništva od akvizicije Lucasfilma, produkcijske kuće serije, 2012. godine, kada ga je Lucas prodao za 4 milijarde dolara. [20] Walt Disney Studios posjeduje prava distribucije i marketinga za budućnost Indiana Jones filmova od 2013., pri čemu Paramount zadržava prava distribucije za prva četiri filma i prima "finansijsko učešće" od bilo kojih dodatnih filmova. [21] [22] [23]

Film Datum izlaska u SAD Režirao Scenario napisao Story by Proizvodi
Raiders of the Lost Ark 12. juna 1981 (1981-06-12) Steven Spielberg Lawrence Kasdan George Lucas i Philip Kaufman Frank Marshall
Indiana Jones i hram propasti 23. maja 1984. (1984-05-23) Willard Huyck i Gloria Katz George Lucas Robert Watts
Indiana Jones i posljednji križarski rat 24. maja 1989 (1989-05-24) Jeffrey Boam George Lucas i Menno Meyjes
Indiana Jones i Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje 22. maj 2008 (2008-05-22) David Koepp George Lucas i Jeff Nathanson Frank Marshall
Film bez naslova 29. jula 2022. (2022-07-29) James Mangold James Mangold, Jez Butterworth i John-Henry Butterworth [24] James Mangold Frank Marshall, Kathleen Kennedy, Simon Emanuel i Steven Spielberg [25]

Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) Urediti

Prvi film smješten je u 1936. Državni agenti angažiraju Indianu Jonesa (Harrison Ford) da locira Kovčeg zavjeta pred nacističkim Nijemcima. Nacisti imaju timove u potrazi za vjerskim artefaktima, uključujući Kovčeg, za koji se šuška da čini vojsku koja Arku nosi pred sobom nepobjedivom. [26] Nacistima pomaže Indijanin glavni rival i francuski arheolog René Belloq (Paul Freeman). Uz pomoć svoje bivše ljubavnice i tvrde vlasnice bara Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen) i njegovog prijatelja Sallaha (John Rhys-Davies), Indiana uspijeva povratiti Kovčeg u Egiptu. Nacisti ukradu Kovčeg i zarobe Indianu i Marion. Belloq i nacisti izvode ceremoniju otvaranja Kovčega, ali kada to učine, svi su ubijeni gnjevom Kovčega. Indiana i Marion, koji su preživjeli zatvarajući oči, uspijevaju odnijeti Kovčeg u Sjedinjene Države, gdje se čuva u tajnom vladinom skladištu.

Indiana Jones i hram propasti (1984) Urediti

Drugi film je smješten u 1935. godinu dana prije Raiders of the Lost Ark. Indiana bježi od kineskih gangstera uz pomoć pjevača/glumice Willie Scott (Kate Capshaw) i njegovog dvanaestogodišnjeg pomoćnika Short Round (Jonathan Ke Quan). Trio se srušio u Indiju, gdje nailaze na selo čija su djeca oteta. Thuggee predvođen Molom Ramom (Amrish Puri) također je uzeo sveto Sankara kamenje koje će koristiti za osvajanje svijeta. Indiana uspijeva nadvladati zlu moć Mola Rama, spašava djecu i vraća kamenje na mjesto koje mu pripada, nadvladavši vlastitu plaćeničku prirodu. Film je u franšizi zabilježen kao izdvojen, jer ne prikazuje Indyjev univerzitet ili bilo koji antagonistički politički entitet, a manje je fokusiran na arheologiju, predstavljen je kao mračan film sa grubim elementima, ljudskim žrtvama i mučenjem.

Indiana Jones i posljednji križarski rat (1989) Urediti

Treći film smješten je u 1938. Indiana i njegov prijatelj Marcus Brody (Denholm Elliott) američki je biznismen Walter Donovan (Julian Glover) dodijelio da pronađu Sveti gral. Udružili su se sa dr. Elsom Schneider (Alison Doody), nakon čega je Indijanin otuđeni otac Henry (Sean Connery) stao prije nego što je nestao. Ispostavilo se da su Donovan i Elsa u savezu s nacistima, koji su zarobili Henryja Jonesa kako bi ih Indiana pomogla da pronađu Gral. Međutim, Indiana pronalazi očev dnevnik ispunjen njegovim istraživanjem i uspijeva ga spasiti prije nego što pronađe lokaciju Grala. I Donovan i Elsa padaju na iskušenje Grala, dok Indiana i Henry shvaćaju da je njihov međusobni odnos važniji od pronalaska relikvije.

Indiana Jones i Kraljevstvo kristalne lubanje (2008) Uredi

Četvrti film smješten je 1957. godine, devetnaest godina kasnije Poslednji krstaški rat. Indiana vodi miran život poučavajući prije nego što se upusti u novu avanturu. On se bori protiv agenata Sovjetskog Saveza, predvođenih Irinom Spalko (Cate Blanchett) za kristalnu lubanju. Njegovo putovanje vodi ga kroz Nevadu, Connecticut, Peru i amazonsku prašumu u Brazilu. Indianu suočava s izdajom jedan od njegovih najboljih prijatelja, Mac (Ray Winstone), upoznat je s podmazivačem po imenu Mutt Williams (Shia LaBeouf), za kojeg se ispostavilo da mu je sin (njegovo pravo ime otkriveno je Henry Jones III), ponovo se sastaje i na kraju se udaje za Marion Ravenwood, koja je predstavljena u prvom filmu.

Peti film bez naslova (2022) Montaža

Nakon što je prošao kroz razvojni pakao (kao i prethodna rata), [11] petinu Indiana Jones film je najavio Disney sa Jamesom Mangoldom koji piše i režira, [27] [28] Ford se vraća da glumi naslovnog lika, [29] i produciraju Spielberg, Marshall i Kathleen Kennedy. [30] Objavljivanje je zakazano za 29. juli 2022. [31] Frank Marshall je potvrdio da će film biti nastavak, [32] a u maju 2020. rekao je da je pisanje "tek počelo". [30] Bivši izvršni direktor Disneyja Bob Iger naznačio je da film neće biti zaključak franšize u cjelini. [33]

Ford je rekao da će se vratiti po peti film ako mu ne bude potrebno još dvadeset godina za razvoj. [34] Godine 2008. Lucas je predložio da bi "mogao sljedeći put učiniti Shia LaBeoufa glavnim likom i da se Harrison Ford vrati kao Sean Connery u prošlom filmu", [35] ali je kasnije rekao da to neće biti slučaj. [36] [a] U augustu 2008, Lucas je istraživao potencijalne zapletne uređaje i izjavio da je Spielberg otvoren za ideju petog filma. [37] [b] U novembru 2010, Ford je rekao da su on i Spielberg čekali da im Lucas predstavi ideju. [39] U martu 2011., Karen Allen je rekla: "Ono što ja znam je da postoji priča koja im se sviđa, što je ogroman korak naprijed." [40] U julu 2012. godine, Frank Marshall je otkrio da "Ne radi sve dok na projektu ne bude pisac." [41]

U oktobru 2012. godine, kompanija Walt Disney kupila je Lucasfilm, dajući tako vlasništvo nad Disneyjem Indiana Jones intelektualno vlasništvo. [42] [43] U decembru 2013. godine, Walt Disney Studios otkupio je prava na distribuciju i marketing u budućnosti Indiana Jones filmova, pri čemu Paramount Pictures prima "finansijsko učešće" od bilo kojih dodatnih filmova. [21] [22] [23] U prosincu 2013., predsjednik studija Alan Horn rekao je da je to petina Indiana Jones film neće biti spreman najmanje 2-3 godine. [44] U intervjuu iz maja 2015. sa Vanity Fair, Kathleen Kennedy potvrdila je planove za peti film, navodeći da će još jedan film "jednog dana biti snimljen unutar ove kompanije. Još nismo počeli raditi na scenariju, ali pričamo o tome." [45]

15. ožujka 2016. Disney je najavio da će peti film biti objavljen 19. srpnja 2019., a Ford će ponoviti svoju ulogu, Spielberg režira, Koepp piše, a Kennedy i Marshall glume producente. U lipnju je Spielberg potvrdio da će se Lucas, unatoč tome, vratiti kao izvršni producent Rok za Hollywood prijavivši drugačije. [46] [47] Spielberg je također najavio da će se John Williams vratiti da komponuje partituru. [48] ​​Zvaničnik je 25. aprila 2017. godine Ratovi zvijezda web stranica je ažurirala datum objavljivanja filma do 10. jula 2020. [49] U septembru 2017. Bob Iger je rekao da je budućnost franšize s Fordom nepoznata, ali da film "neće biti samo jednokratni". Spielberg je obećao da Indiana neće biti ubijena, [33] a Koepp je izjavio da se Mutt neće vratiti u filmu. [50] U januaru 2018. Rok za Hollywood izvijestio je da Spielberg film gleda kao svoj sljedeći projekt nakon završetka Spreman igrač jedan. [51] [c]

U lipnju 2018. objavljeno je da je Jonathan Kasdan zamijenio Koeppa kao scenarista, te da će film propustiti datum izlaska 2020. [53] [54] Ubrzo nakon toga, Disney je odgodio datum objavljivanja filma za 9. juli 2021. [55] Nekoliko mjeseci kasnije, Marshall je izjavio: "Ne znam da li biste to nazvali pisateljem, ali mnogo ljudi da vjerujemo idejama i stvarima. " [56] U maju 2019. objavljeno je da je Kasdan napisao scenarij od nule, ali da je njegovo djelo sada zamijenio Dan Fogelman, čiji je scenarij koristio "potpuno drugačiju premisu". [57] Dva mjeseca kasnije, Ford je rekao da bi se film "trebao početi snimati negdje sljedeće godine". [58] Kasniji izvještaji suzili su početak snimanja na april 2020. [59], sugerirajući da bi se glavna fotografija trebala održati u studiju Pinewood Studio sa sjedištem u Iveru. [60] Govoreći u septembru 2019., Koepp je rekao da ponovo radi na projektu, te da su "ovaj put dobili dobru ideju". [61] [d]

U februaru 2020. godine, Spielberg je odstupio s mjesta direktora, izjavljujući da želi "prenijeti Indyin bič novoj generaciji kako bi unosio njihovu perspektivu u priču". [63] James Mangold će režirati film, [30] dok će Spielberg ostati privržen kao "praktični" producent. [63] U travnju 2020. objavljeno je da je datum izlaska filma odgođen na 29. srpnja 2022. godine zbog pandemije COVID-19. [31] In May 2020, Marshall said that work had "just started" on the script. [30] In separate interviews, Koepp and Marshall revealed that Mangold was working on the story. [27] [64] [65] In January 2021, John Rhys-Davies expressed interest in reprising his role of Sallah. [66] In April 2021, Phoebe Waller-Bridge, Mads Mikkelsen, [67] and Thomas Kretschmann [68] joined the cast, [69] with production scheduled to begin later that year. Williams was confirmed to return as composer, [25] and that Jez and John-Henry Butterworth would be co-writing the film with Mangold. [24]

In May 2021, Mads Mikkelsen was quoted as saying he had read the script and that "it was everything I wished it to be." [70] Later that month, Boyd Holbrook and Shaunette Renée Wilson joined the cast. [71] Filming began in June 2021, [72] including on location at Bamburgh Castle, [73] North York Moors Railway, [74] and Leaderfoot Viaduct [75] in the Scottish Borders.

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedMreža
16March 4, 1992 ( 1992-03-04 ) April 8, 1992 ( 1992-04-08 ) ABC
222September 21, 1992 ( 1992-09-21 ) July 24, 1993 ( 1993-07-24 )
TV films4October 15, 1994 ( 1994-10-15 ) June 16, 1996 ( 1996-06-16 ) The Family Channel

A television series titled The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992–1996) featured three incarnations of the character: Sean Patrick Flanery played Indiana aged 16–21 Corey Carrier played an 8- to 10-year-old version in several episodes and George Hall narrated the show as the 93-year-old Jones, who bookended each episode. Lucas began developing the series in 1990 as "edutainment" that would be more cerebral than the films. The show was his first collaboration with producer Rick McCallum, and he wrote the stories for each episode. Writers and directors on the show included Carrie Fisher, Frank Darabont, Vic Armstrong, Ben Burtt, Terry Jones, Nicolas Roeg, Mike Newell and Joe Johnston. U Chronicles, Jones crosses paths with many historical figures, played by stars such as Daniel Craig, Christopher Lee, Bob Peck, Jeffrey Wright, Marc Warren, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Elizabeth Hurley, Anne Heche, Vanessa Redgrave, Julian Fellowes, Timothy Spall and Harrison Ford as a 50-year-old Indiana in one episode (taking the usual place of Hall). [76] [77] [78]

The show was filmed in over 25 countries for over 150 weeks. Season one was shot from March 1991 to March 1992 the second season began two months later and wrapped in April 1993. [79] The ABC network was unsure of Lucas's cerebral approach, and attempted to advertise the series as an action-adventure like the films. Ratings were good if unspectacular, and ABC was nervous enough to put the show on hiatus after six episodes until September 1992. [76] With only four episodes left of the second season to air, ABC eventually sold the show to the Family Channel, who changed the format from 50-minute episodes to 90-minute TV movies. Filming for the final four episodes took place from January 1994 to May 1996. [79] The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles received a mixed reception from fans, although it won 10 Emmy Awards out of 23 nominations, as well as a 1994 Golden Globe nomination for Best Drama series. It was also an experimentation ground in digital effects for Lucasfilm. [76]

The original broadcast versions of some episodes were briefly released in Japan on laserdisc in 1993 and on VHS in 1994. However, Lucas drastically reedited and restructured the show for its worldwide home video release. Major structural changes were made, including the complete removal of the 'bookend' sections narrated by the 93-year-old Jones, and the editing of all the one-hour episodes together into two-hour episodes. Approximately half of the series was released on VHS in various markets around the world in 1999, but the entire series was not released until its DVD debut, in a series of three boxsets released from 2007 to 2008, to tie in with the theatrical debut of Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. Among other extras, the DVDs include approximately 100 new historical featurettes.

Cast Edit

This is a list of characters who have appeared in the Indiana Jones film franchise.

Likovi Filmska serija Television series
Raiders of the Lost Ark Temple of Doom Last Crusade Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Untitled film The Young Chronicles
1. sezona Sezona 2
Dr. Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr. Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Sean Patrick Flanery (age 16–21)
Corey Carrier (age 8–10)
George Hall (age 93)
River Phoenix
(age 13) [80]
Boutalat (age 3) Harrison Ford (age 50)
Neil Boulane (infant)
Marcus Brody Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott
(photograph)
Sallah John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies
(photograph)
Marion Ravenwood Karen Allen Karen Allen
René Belloq Paul Freeman [81]
Major Arnold Toht Ronald Lacey [82]
Colonel Dietrich Wolf Kahler [83]
Wilhelmina "Willie" Scott Kate Capshaw Kate Capshaw
(photograph)
Short Round Ke Huy Quan [84]
Mola Ram Amrish Puri [85]
Maharaja Zalim Singh Raj Singh
Chattar Lal Roshan Seth
Professor Henry Jones Sr. Sean Connery Sean Connery
(photograph)
Lloyd Owen
Alex Hyde-White
(young) [86]
Walter Donovan Julian Glover [87]
Dr. Elsa Schneider Alison Doody [88]
Colonel Vogel Michael Byrne [89]
Kazim Kevork Malikyan
Herman J. J. Hardy
Henry "Mutt" Jones III Shia LaBeouf
Irina Spalko Cate Blanchett
George "Mac" Michale Ray Winstone
Professor Harold Oxley John Hurt
Colonel Dovchenko Igor Jijikine
Dean Charles Stanforth Jim Broadbent
TBA Phoebe Waller-Bridge
TBA Mads Mikkelsen
TBA Thomas Kretschmann
TBA Boyd Holbrook
TBA Shaunette Renée Wilson
Anna Jones Ruth De Sosa
Helen Seymour Margaret Tyzack
Remy Baudouin Ronny Coutteure
Thomas Edward
"T. E." Lawrence
Joseph A. Bennett Douglas Henshall

Additional crew and production details Edit

Film Composer Urednik Snimatelj Proizvodnja
kompanija
Distributor
Raiders of the Lost Ark John Williams Michael Kahn Douglas Slocombe Lucasfilm Ltd. Paramount Pictures
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Janusz Kamiński
Untitled fifth film TBA Phedon Papamichael Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Box office performance Edit

Critical and public response Edit

Academy Awards Edit

The series has been nominated for 13 Academy Awards, of which they have won 6. Raiders of the Lost Ark was also given a Special Achievement Award for Best Sound Effects Editing.

Award category
Raiders of the Lost Ark Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Best Art Direction Won
Best Sound Won Nominated
Best Cinematography Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Film Editing Won
Best Original Score Nominated
Best Picture Nominated
Best Sound Effects Editing Special Achievement
(Ben Burtt and Richard L. Anderson)
Won
Best Visual Effects Won

Novels Edit

A novelization of Raiders of the Lost Ark was written by Campbell Black and published by Ballantine Books in April 1981. [104] It was followed by Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, written by James Kahn and published by Ballantine in May 1984. [105] Finally, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was published in May 1989, and was the first Indiana Jones book by Rob MacGregor. [106] A fan of the first two films, MacGregor admitted that writing the novelization made him "somewhat disappointed" with the third film, as he had expanded the script whereas Steven Spielberg had cut scenes to tighten the story. [107]

George Lucas asked MacGregor to continue writing original novels for Bantam Books. These were geared toward an adult or young adult audience, and were prequels set in the 1920s or early 1930s after Jones graduates from college. Of the film characters, Lucas only permitted Marcus Brody to appear. [107] He asked MacGregor to base the books on real myths, but except for the deletion of a sex scene, the writer was given total creative freedom. His six books – Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi, Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants, Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils, Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge, Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy, i Indiana Jones and the Interior World – were published from February 1991 to November 1992. The Genesis Deluge, published in February 1992 and featuring Noah's Ark, was the best-selling novel MacGregor felt this was because it "had a strong following among religious-oriented people [. ] because they tend to take the Noah's Ark story to heart and think of it as history and archaeological fact, rather than myth." MacGregor's favorite book was The Seven Veils, [107] which featured real-life explorer Percy Fawcett and the death of Indiana's wife, Deirdre Campbell. [108] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113]

Martin Caidin wrote the next two novels in Bantam's series, Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates i Indiana Jones and the White Witch. These feature Gale Parker as Indiana's sidekick they introduced afterwords to the series, regarding each novel's historical context. [114] [115]

Caidin became ill, so Max McCoy took over in 1995 and wrote the final four novels: Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone, Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs, Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth, i Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx. McCoy set his books closer in time to the events of Raiders of the Lost Ark, which led to his characterizing Indiana as "a bit darker". The prolog of his first book featured a crystal skull, [116] and this became a recurring story, concluding when Jones gives it up in the final novel. Lucas's involvement with McCoy's novels was limited, although LucasFilm censored sexual or outlandish elements in order to make the books appeal to younger readers [117] they also rejected the theme of time travel in the final book. [116] Sallah, Lao Che, Rene Belloq and the Nazis made appearances, and McCoy also pitted Jones against Benito Mussolini's fascists and the Japanese. Jones also has a doomed romance with Alecia Dunstin, a librarian at the British Museum. [118] [119] [120] [121] A novel involving the Spear of Destiny was dropped, because Dark Horse Comics was developing the idea and later DC Comics developed the idea. [116]

The books were only published in paperback, as the series editor felt readers would not be prepared to pay the hardback price for an adventure novel. [122]

In February 2008, the novelizations of the first three films were published in one edition [123] James Rollins' Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novelization arrived the following May. [124] Children's novelizations of all four films were published by Scholastic in 2008. [125]

MacGregor was said to be writing new books for Ballantine for early 2009, but none have been published. [126]

A new adult adventure, Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead by Steve Perry, was released in September 2009. [127]

A novel based on the video game Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings, written by MacGregor to coincide with the release of the game, was canceled due to problems around the game's production. [128]

Additionally, German author Wolfgang Hohlbein wrote eight Indiana Jones novels in the early 1990s, which were never translated to English.

List of novels Edit

All of the following were published by Bantam Books, with the exception of Army of the Dead, which was published by Del Rey.

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi (Feb 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants (June 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils (Dec 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge (Feb 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy (Sept 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World (1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates (Dec 1993) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch (1994) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (1995) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs (1996) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth (1997) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx (1999) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead (2009) – by Steve Perry

Indiana Jones novels by Wolfgang Hohlbein:

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Longship of the Gods)
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Feathered Snake)
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Gold of El Dorado)
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Lost People)
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Sword of Genghis Khan)
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (1992) – (Indiana Jones and the Secret of Easter Island)
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (1993) – (Indiana Jones and the Labyrinth of Horus)
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (1994) – (Indiana Jones and the Legacy of Avalon)

Children's novels Edit

Find Your Fate Uredi

Ballantine Books published a number of Indiana Jones books in the Find Your Fate line, written by various authors. These books were similar to the Choose Your Own Adventure series, allowing the reader to select from options that change the outcome of the story. Indiana Jones books comprised 11 of the 17 releases in the line, which was initially titled Find Your Fate Adventure. [129]

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island (June 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba (June 1984) – Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower (Aug 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates (Aug 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire (Oct 1984) – Andy Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death (Dec 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt (Feb 1985) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance (Apr 1985) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan (May 1985) – Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island (1986) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Elephant (Feb 1987) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine

Scholastic Edit

In 2008, Scholastic released a series of middle-grade novels based on the stories and screenplays. Each book of this edition included several pages of color stills from filming.

  • Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom – Suzanne Weyn
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade – Ryder Windham

In May 2009, two new middle-grade books were to begin a new series of Untold Adventures, though no further books appeared. [130]

  • Indiana Jones and the Pyramid of the Sorcerer – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Mystery of Mount Sinai – J.W. Rinzler

Young Indiana Jones Uredi

In the early 1990s, different book series featured childhood and young adult adventures of Indiana Jones in the early decades of the century. Not all were directly tied to the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles TV series.

The following books are set in Indy's mid- to late-teen years.

  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders (1991) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of Ruby Cross – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Titanic Adventure (1993) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango (1993) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld (1994) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire (1994) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates' Loot (1994) – by J.N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger (1995) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Madman (unpublished) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ring of Power (unpublished) – Megan Stine

These books were novelizations of episodes of the TV series. Some feature Indy around age 8 others have him age 16–18.

  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Mummy's Curse – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Field of Death – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Safari Sleuth – by A.L. Singer
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Secret Peace – by William McCay
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Trek of Doom – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Revolution! – by Gavin Scott
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Race to Danger – by Stephanie Calmenson
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Prisoner of War – by Sam Mclean

These are labeled Choose Your Own Adventure knjige. Like the TV series, some feature Indy around age 8, others age 16–18.

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles:

  • The Valley of the Kings – by Richard Brightfield
  • South of the Border – by Richard Brightfield
  • Revolution in Russia – by Richard Brightfield
  • Masters of the Louvre – by Richard Brightfield
  • African Safari – by Richard Brightfield
  • Behind the Great Wall – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Roaring Twenties – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Irish Rebellion – by Richard Brightfield

Young Indiana Jones:

  • The Mata Hari Affair – by James Luceno
  • The Mummy's Curse – by Parker Smith
  • The Curse of the Jackal – by Dan Barry
  • The Search for the Oryx – by Dan Barry
  • The Peril of the Fort – by Dan Barry
  • Lost Diaries of Young Indiana Jones – by Eric D. Weiner
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: On the Set and Behind the Scenes – by Dan Madsen
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Egypt – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Rome – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Greece – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Vikings – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Incas – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Aztecs – by John Malam

Comic books Edit

Video igre Edit

Since the release of the original film, there have been a number of video games based on the Indiana Jones series. These include both games based on (or derived from) the films, as well as those featuring the characters in new storylines.

Games adapted or derived from the films Edit

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1982, Atari Inc) – The first Indiana Jones video game. Released on the Atari 2600. (1985, Atari Games) – Arcade game, later converted to many home computer and console formats, including an NES version in 1988.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (1989, LucasArts) – One of two Last Crusade-based games released by LucasArts in 1989.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (1989, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1991, Taito) – Released for the NES console.
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (1994, JVC/LucasArts) – The final film adaptation until 2008, based upon all three original films. Released on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures (2008, LucasArts) – Based on the original three movies and the Lego toy franchise.
  • Lego Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues (2009, LucasArts) – A sequel to the original Lego Indiana Jones igra.

Original games Edit

  • Indiana Jones in the Lost Kingdom (1985, Mindscape)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of the Ancients (1987, Mindscape) – Released for the Apple II and PC DOS computer platforms.
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (1992, LucasArts) – Released for DOS (IBM PC) compatibles in 1992.
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1993, Jaleco) – Released for the NES console.
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (1994, LucasArts) – Released for the Sega Genesis
  • Indiana Jones and His Desktop Adventures (1996, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (1999, LucasArts) – Released in 1999 on the PC, as well as for the Nintendo 64
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (2D Version) (2001, LucasArts) – A 2D version of Infernal Machine released for the Game Boy Color
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (2003, LucasArts) – a prequel to Temple of Doom. Released on the PlayStation 2, Xbox and Microsoft Windows in 2003.
  • Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings (2009, LucasArts) – Released in June 2009 for the Nintendo DS, Wii, PSP and PS2. [131]
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Puzzles (2009, THQ) – Developed by Universomo and published by THQ Wireless for BlackBerry, iOS, and Windows Mobile. [132][133][134][135]
  • Indiana Jones Adventure World (2011, Zynga) – The social gaming company Zynga partnered with Lucasfilm to produce this game late 2011. [136]
  • Untitled Indiana Jones game (TBA, Bethesda Softworks, MachineGames, Lucasfilm Games) – a new game announced to be in development on January 12, 2021 with Todd Howard executive producing. [137]

Cancelled games Edit

  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix – An intended sequel to The Fate of Atlantis, intended for a 1995 release, but was cancelled. developed a game around 2006 as a reskin of a cancelled Tomb Raider game, but this incarnation was not successful either. [138]

Theme park attractions Edit

Prior to Disney's acquisition, George Lucas collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on several occasions to create Indiana Jones attractions for Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide. Indiana Jones-themed attractions and appearances at Disney theme parks include:

  • The Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular! show opened at Disney's Hollywood Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in 1989.
  • The Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril roller-coaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France, in 1993.
  • The Indiana Jones Adventure, which opened at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995 and at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, in 2001.
  • An Indiana Jones-themed bar lounge, "Jock Lindsey's Hangar Bar", opened in 2015 at Disney Springs at the Walt Disney World Resort. [139][140] at Disney's Hollywood Studios featured a scene based on Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Toy lines Edit

For the holiday season following the June 1981 debut of Raiders of the Lost Ark, Kenner produced a 12-inch-tall "Authentically styled Action Figure" of Indiana Jones. The next spring they delivered nine smaller-scale (3 3 ⁄ 4 ") action figures, three playsets, replicas of the German desert convoy truck and Jones's horse, all derived from the Raiders film. [141] They also offered a Raiders board game. [142]

In conjunction with the theatrical release of The Temple of Doom in 1984, TSR, Inc. released miniature metal versions of twelve characters from both films for a role playing game. LJN Toys Ltd. also released action figures of Jones, Mola Ram, and the Giant Thugee.

No toys were produced to tie in with The Last Crusade in 1989

Sideshow Collectibles, Gentle Giant, Diamond Select Toys and Kotobukiya [145] also earned Indiana Jones licensing rights in 2008. [146] [147] [148] [149] Lego released eight play sets to coincide with the fourth film, based on Raiders i The Last Crusade as well as on Kingdom of the Crystal Skull [150] [151]

Merchandise featuring franchise cross-overs include a Mr. Potato Head "Taters Of The Lost Ark" set by Hasbro, [152] Mickey Mouse as Indiana Jones, [153] and a Muppets-branded Adventure Kermit action figure, produced by Palisades Toys and based on the frog's appearance in the Disney World stunt show as seen in The Muppets at Walt Disney World. [154]

Disney Vinylmation introduced a series based on Indiana Jones characters in 2014. [155]

Role-playing games Edit

There have been two publications of role-playing games based on the Indiana Jones franchise. The Adventures of Indiana Jones Role-Playing Game was designed and published by TSR, Inc. under license in 1984. [156] Ten years later, West End Games acquired the rights to publish their own version, The World of Indiana Jones.

Pinball Edit

A pinball machine based on the first three films was released in 1993. Stern Pinball released a new edition in 2008, which featured all four movies. [157]


Smart as a Whip

“Seventy percent of all archaeology is done in the library. Istraživanje. Reading,” says professor Indiana Jones to a roomful of students in Last Crusade. But it’s the other 30 percent—the boulder-fleeing, the snake-dodging—that makes for good cinema. Moviegoers lining up today for the professor’s fourth outing probably aren’t looking for what you’d describe as an intellectual experience. Who can claim to have naučio bilo šta od Raiders of the Lost Ark—beyond the fact that if you happen to be present at the opening of the Ark of the Covenant and prefer your face unmelted, you had better close your eyes?

Yet in the early ‘90s, George Lucas decided the Indy franchise had more to teach than just how to survive a run-in with an occult artifact. What began as a software project for his George Lucas Educational Foundation eventually grew into The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, a TV series about Indy’s coming of age in the first part of the 20 th century. “This is not an action-adventure film,” Lucas told the New York Times. “It deals with issues and ideas.” Recently, when the show was released on DVD, Lucas expressed his hope that it might be a valuable component of “a modern high school history class.”

The sprawling series, which aired in weekly hourlong episodes on ABC, follows Indy on his adventures around the globe, first as a young child (Corey Carrier), then as a teenage soldier and spy during World War I (Sean Patrick Flanery), and later as a college student. Each episode sends Indy on a sort of extreme field trip, where he meets great figures and witnesses seismic events—like Zelig without the neurosis, or “Forrest Gump with a whip,” as Lucas has put it. In his formative years, Indiana safaris with Teddy Roosevelt, excavates a mummy’s tomb with Howard Carter, becomes pen pals with T.E. Lawrence (“Dear Ned …”), jams with Sidney Bechet, and punches Ernest Hemingway in the face.

He also beds half of the women in Europe and a fair number in the States as well. If you were a prominent woman between the years of 1916 and 1920, you probably slept with Indiana Jones. Dorothy Parker’s line about the floozy who “speaks 18 languages and can’t say no in any of them” could have equally applied to Indy—except he speaks 27. (He actually meets Parker in a late episode but in a rare act of forbearance does not attempt to have sex with her, since he is already dating three other women.) Even Edith Wharton, almost 40 years his senior, finds she can’t keep her hands off a barely legal Indy.

Predictably, many of the show’s history lessons are dubious. Young viewers who know nothing else about, say, Hemingway and Kafka will be left with dominant impressions that are either trivial or false: that the former was an accomplished cellist, that the latter once rode a file cabinet down a grand staircase. When the show does try to impart some serious history, the pendulum swings toward dull didacticism: When Indy meets Arnold Toynbee at Versailles after the war, the historian tritely admonishes that “those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat it.” Indy returns to his flat and pens the phrase in his notebook, followed by a large question mark. He then looks out the window at the night sky, deep in thought.

“Edutainment” is typically a zero-sum game between its educational and entertainment elements. Yet every once in a while, Young Indiana Jones manages to pull off both at once. Joining the Mexican revolution in 1916, Indy storms a hacienda with Pancho Villa and his band. In the hacienda’s private movie theater, the revolutionaries screen American films while Indy translates. The first reel, a love story, moves the grizzled guerrillas to tears, but the jingoistic newsreel that follows forces Indy to fudge the translation to avoid causing a riot. Still, one piece of the newsreel—on developments in the war in Europe—stirs Indy, eventually driving him to enlist in the Belgian army (the only Allied force ramshackle enough not to check his age). The scene in the theater is elegantly economical: funny, tense, moving, character-developing. And it might even teach you a thing or two: about the state of World War I in 1916 and how Americans got their news about it.

Lucas had told his writers that they were making “Masterpiece Theater for the masses” and declared the show “much more like Howards End nego Raiders of the Lost Ark. ” But his hope that viewers would come for Indy and stay for the edification proved naive. With 1989’s Last Crusade a fond recent memory, audiences didn’t care for this brainy young Indy, and after a few episodes deficient in whip-cracking, they began to tune out. “It didn’t matter how many times I said it was a coming-of-age series about a young boy’s exploration of history,” he told the L.A. Times as the show was failing in 1993. “[P]eople still expected to see that rolling boulder.”

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, as the show was originally titled, had some of the highest production values in television history it was shot on location in dozens of countries it boasted actors from Vanessa Redgrave to Max von Sydow, directors from Mike Newell to Nicolas Roeg, and writers from Frank Darabont to Carrie Fisher *. But it could still never quite shake a slightly ersatz quality: The award-winning music from Laurence Rosenthal was samo not quite as stirring as John Williams’ Sean Patrick Flanery was samo not quite as good-looking as River Phoenix. Steven Spielberg had nothing to do with the show, and Harrison Ford appeared only once, bookending a late episode as a ratings-boosting favor to Lucas.

ABC yanked the show after just six episodes, reviving it only after it won five Emmys. * The show died slowly and quietly, and even though Lucas had “deluged” 10,000 schools with study guides, according to his biographer John Baxter, it never had a life of its own in the classroom.

Unaccustomed to failure, Lucas now seems to hope that the advent of DVD, and the release of the latest cinematic installment in the Indy story, will finally allow him to complete his pedagogical mission. The new DVDs come in three volumes, totaling 31 discs, nearly one per episode. Why all the extra space? In addition to the Young Indiana episodes, the DVD sets feature 94 original half-hour companion documentaries. Some discs contain nothing but these documentaries, produced by Lucas and a team of documentarians he recruited. Among the luminaries to show up in the films are Henry Kissinger—in “Woodrow Wilson—American Idealist”—and Colin Powell—in “Hellfighters—Harlem’s Heroes of World War One.”

The idea is that teachers might show a Young Indiana episode in which Elizabeth Hurley plays the smitten daughter of a suffragette, after which students will be eager to sit through a documentary about Emmeline Pankhurst. And if they do, they will indeed learn something: The documentaries, whose only real tie to Young Indiana is the choice of subject matter, are well-made and much more scrupulous about accuracy than the series itself.

Is anyone taking the bait this time around? The History Channel was impressed enough (or eager enough to get a piece of the Indy marketing action) to agree to air them. And the Web turns up a few history teachers who are fans of the new releases. Thomas Riddle, a teacher in Greenville, S.C., has set up Indyintheclassroom.com. A lesson plan on the site comes complete with a chronology of WWI, a map of the Somme offensive, and viewing questions. (“Why is Indy sent to a maximum security POW camp?” “How do the Russians provide Indy and De Gaulle an opportunity to escape?”)

Riddle, who has received help and encouragement from folks at Lucasfilm (some free early cuts of the DVDs, for one thing), recently organized an event in Greenville’s science center called “Walking Through Time With Indiana Jones.”* Admirable though Riddle’s efforts may be, there is something unsettling about them too, epitomized in a line from the event’s flyer: “We’ve decided to end our exhibition time frame in the ‘50s, since that is as far as Indy’s adventures have been chronicled thus far.” The social science teacher bent on using Indy to inspire the next generation of history jocks is confronted with a tricky epistemological problem: “If a war rages somewhere in the world, and Indiana Jones isn’t there to fight in it, does it actually happen?”

Lucas’ intentions may also be admirable, but in the end, Indiana Jones isn’t any better at teaching history than Chewbacca, whose native language must be tonal, would be at teaching Chinese. Still, you could do worse than spend a few hours with Lucas’ foray into television. “People aren’t interested in ideas. It’s personalities they get excited about,” Lowell Thomas tells Indy in one episode. The show may not be so good at conveying ideas—don’t expect to pop out the DVD and suddenly be able to rattle off Wilson’s Fourteen Points. But the personality of Indiana Jones is enough to carry the show along, and the best of his adventures—his romp through Paris with Pablo Picasso, his stint as a stunt double in a John Ford Western—are, if nothing else, something to get excited about.

Correction, May 23, 2008: The article originally stated that Thomas Riddle had received DVDs from Lucasfilm so that he could get a head start on his site. In fact, the site was live before Riddle received the DVDs. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, May 27, 2008: The article originally misspelled Carrie Fisher’s name. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, June 3, 2008: The article originally stated that The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles eventually held a slot on Mondays after Monday Night Football, when most kids were asleep. Dok je bio eventually moved from its Saturday night slot to Monday night, it aired after Monday Night Football only on the West Coast. (Return to the corrected sentence.)


Pogledajte video: Episode I: Who Was Indiana Jones? (Maj 2022).